United States Patent is essentially a "grant of rights" for a constrained period. In layman's terms, it is a contract in which the United States government expressly permits an person or organization to monopolize a certain idea for a constrained time.

Typically, our government frowns upon any type of monopolization in commerce, due to the belief that monopolization hinders free trade and competitors, degrading our economic system. A great instance is the forced break-up of Bell Telephone some years ago product launch into the several regional telephone companies. The government, in specific...